Jan 012016

India Scientific Achievements in 2015

The world of scientific innovations has always thrilled one and all. With just one more day left before we take a leap into the New Year, we have decided to take you through a recap of India’s significant achievements this year.

1. MOM completes first anniversary this year
India\s Mars Orbiter Spacecraft has successfully completed its mission objective as planned and has completed one year around Mars orbit on September 24, 2015. It was successfully placed into an elliptical orbit around planet Mars on September 24, 2014. The Mars Orbiter successfully came out of the solar conjunction (a phase of communication blackout) in July 2015 using the On-board autonomy built in the spacecraft. The Spacecraft is in good health and all the five scientific payloads are providing valuable data about the Mars surface features and Martian atmosphere.

2. Satellite for SAARC Region
On June 22, ISRO/DOS, with active support from Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), hosted a Conference on “Satellite for the SAARC region and Space Technology Applications” to study configuration and ground Infrastructure requirements for the proposed ‘Satellite for the SAARC region’ and representatives from all SAARC member countries participated.

3. ISRO launches PSLV-C28 carrying 5 UK satellites
On July 10, 2015, ISRO\s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) in its thirtieth flight PSLV-C28 had launched three identical DMC3 optical earth observation satellites built by Surrey Satellite Technology Limited (SSTL) and the UK. The three DMC3 satellites, each weighing 447 kg, had been launched into a 647 km Sun-Synchronous Orbit (SSO) using the high-end version of PSLV (PSLV-XL) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota (SDSC-SHAR), the spaceport of India.

4. ISRO launches military communication satellite GSAT-6
GSLV-D6 is the ninth flight of India\s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). It is also the fifth developmental flight of GSLV. On August 27, 2015, this is the third time the indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS) was carried on-board during a GSLV flight. This flight is significant since it intends to continue the testing of CUS. It was launched from the second launch pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR (SDSC SHAR), Sriharikota.

5. ASTROSAT: First astronomy satellite launched in India
India’s first satellite dedicated to astronomy, ASTROSAT, blasted off into space on 28 September from the spaceport of Sriharikota, an island in the Bay of Bengal, equipped with five instruments to study astrophysical phenomena over a wide range of wavelengths simultaneously.
An Indian-built Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) carrying the 1.5-tonne probe lifted off at 10.00 a.m. local time and 22 minutes later successfully placed ASTROSAT in a 650-kilometre orbit above Earth, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) confirmed.

6. GSAT-15: ISRO’s Diwali gift launched in India
The ISRO has given the nation the most appropriate Diwali gift – an indigenously made communications satellite GSAT-15. It was successfully launched at 03:04 am (IST) on November 11, using the Ariane-5. The launch took place from Kourou in French Guyana in South America. It has been made at a cost of Rs 278 crore.
The GSAT-15 satellite weighs 3164 kilograms. It carries a suite of 24 transponders which will help in Direct-to-Home (DTH) broadcasting. It also carries a GPS-Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) payload operating in L1 and L5 bands, which will help in aircraft navigation.

7. PSLV-C29 lifts off successfully with 6 Singaporean satellites
On December 16, India launched six Singaporean satellites with its Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle\s core alone (PSLV-CA) variant. The PSLV rocket – standing 44.4 meters tall and weighing around 227 tonnes – tore into the evening skies with fierce orange flames at its tail.
It was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in the spaceport of Andhra Pradesh\s Sriharikota. The satellites were put into orbit by ISRO\s PSLV-C29 on reaching 550 km from the Earth\s surface.

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