People who smoke are 60% less likely to vote than their non-smoking peers, a new US study has found.
Overall, 17% of respondents were smokers. Holding all other variables constant, daily smokers were 60% less likely to vote than nonsmokers. The study is the first to link a health-risk behaviour with electoral participation, building on the work of a previous Swedish study that found an association between smoking and political mistrust.
Voting is a direct behavioural measure of civic and political engagement that at least partly reflects trust in formal political institutions.
Contributed By Sonia Narula